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How the Indian Education System Began
It’s likely that one of the biggest education system across the world is the Indian education system. Whether you believe it or not, higher education system of such country is ranked to be the 3rd in the world following US and China. Apart from that, it is expected to top US and China in the next 5 and 20 years more or less respectively. Some statistics say that the college age group population of the country keeps on rising, which is once again something positive for the education system of the country.
On the other hand, as good as the future prospects look forward to the Indian education system, its education has rich history too. And in the later parts of this article, we will be learning more of that history.
Their system of education actually begun in South Asia while teaching various traditional educational elements such as Indian religions, Indian logic and Indian mathematics. Of course there are several other things being taught throughout the period however, these 3 are the more common. It’s in Taxila were they built their learning centers that is now part of modern-day Pakistan as well as Nalanda, which is still part of India. But things have changed so fast after the English have invaded India. Western education system was then brought at this stage.
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When the education system started in India, it typically used to be under supervision of a guru or in modern sense, an instructor or teacher. But the education before was attained by learning things which can help a person to achieve Moksha or liberation.
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Soon after, India’s education system witnessed so many changes which include the emergence of caste-wide education. Brahmans were then made to learn about scriptures and religion while the Kshatriya would have to learn warfare activities as for the Vaishyas, they’re being taught of commerce activities and mathematics and the Shudras believed to be of lowest caste and were denied to have an education.
Apart from that, the manner how education is provided to the students were quite different than what it is today. Back before, students were made to stay at the ashrams, which is typically used to be far away from home. Apart from that, they are made to follow strict regulations that were implemented by their teachers.
But as the population of India began to increase at a staggering pace after the start of Gupta empire period, so as the learning centers set up in cities like Nalanda and Varanasi. Needless to say, this has resulted to various modifications in their education system but still, religion played a major factor in India’s education system.