Nuclear Medicine Technologists handle medical equipment, administrator radiopharmaceuticals to patients, and observe the characteristics and functions of the relevant tissues or organs.
They create diagnostic images using cameras that detect and map the radioactive drug in a patient's body, and they explain test procedures to patients. The images are interpreted by a physician.
Technologists keep patient records and operate diagnostic imaging equipment. They also assess the behavior of the radioactive substance inside the body.
In the US there are about 20,000 people working as nuclear medicine technologists. Some 70% of the jobs are in hospitals. Other technologists work in offices of doctors or in medical and diagnostic laboratories, including diagnostic imaging centers.
Nuclear medicine technology programs are from 1 to 4 years, leading to a certificate, an associate degree, or a Bachelor's degree. Certificate programs are offered in hospitals, associate degree programs in community colleges, and bachelor's degree programs in 4-year colleges and universities. Courses include physical sciences, biological effects of radiation exposure, radiation protection and procedures, the use of radiopharmaceuticals, imaging techniques and computer applications.
One-year certificate programs are for health professionals who already have an associate degree and wish to specialize in nuclear medicine.
Certification or licensure is required by many employers and an increasing number of states. Certification comes from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board. Nuclear medicine technologists are required to meet the minimum Federal standards on the administration of radioactive drugs and the operation of radiation detection equipment.
The Joint Review Committee on Education Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology accredits most formal training programs in nuclear medicine technology.
Nuclear Medicine Technologists must be able to:
Job growth for nuclear medicine technologists is much faster than for all occupations, although the number of openings annually will be reliably low because the occupation is small. Technologists with training in other diagnostic methods will have the best prospects.
How Much Do Nuclear Medicine Technologists Earn?
As of May 2004, the median annual earnings for nuclear medicine technologists were $ 56,450. The middle 50 percent earned between $ 48,720 and $ 67,460. The lowest incomes were less than $ 41,800, while the highest 10 percent earned more than $ 80,300.
A Day in a Nuclear Medicine Technologist's Life:
On a typical day a nuclear medicine technologist will: