Category: medicine

Afinil Express: Learn About Modafinil and its Differences with Adderall


Even though Adderall and Modafinil seem like drugs that are used for similar conditions such as narcolepsy aids, it is essential to understand the difference between these two medications. 

Remember that most students are using them to help them concentrate and study, but the problem lies in side effects and level of addictiveness.

Both of them come with effects that will stimulate your nervous system, but the way they function and operate inside creates significant differences especially when it comes to side effects and risks of abuse. 

By checking out sites like the Afinil Express website, you will be able to learn more about Modafinil in general. 

Have in mind that Modafinil is not stimulant per se, it is a medication that will improve your decision-making and wakefulness, but it is not nootropic. 

On the other hand, Adderall is based on amphetamines, which means that it can cause dependence and addiction as well as withdrawal symptoms when you stop consuming it. 

Of course, it is understood that you should avoid alcohol consumption while using these two meds because both of them can cause severe cardiovascular issues and side effects. Let us start from the beginning:

General Differences

  1. Modafinil

Modafinil is a medication that features a specific structure, which means that we cannot consider it a stimulant similarly to Adderall. 

However, it has effects that are similar to when you consume stimulants such as ability to enhance perception and thinking, improve alertness and keep people awake.

According to experts, they are still not sure how it works, but they have concluded that it affects the balance of neurotransmitters and chemicals inside the brain including histamine, serotonin, dopamine, and GABA.

Even though studies have not concluded that you will have withdrawal effects after long-term use, the theory states that every single drug that provides stimulant results carries risk for dependence as well as withdrawal symptoms.

The most common ones are depression, lack of motivation and reduced energy during the moments of discontinuation. Therefore, you have to reduce the dosage for a long time until you stop with the consumption. 

If you wish to learn more about wakefulness promoting agents such as Modafinil, you should click here. 

It became approved in 1998 by the FDA to treat narcolepsy as well as effects of obstructive sleep apnea that may cause excessive sleepiness. 

Apart from that, people have been using it to stay alert; it is common drug of choice among military personnel, executives, and students because it can fight fatigue and sleep deprivation.

2. Adderall

On the other hand, Adderall functions differently since it comes from a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. It is common choice for people with ADHD and narcolepsy, but it is also common choice for studying and concentration.

It is the most popular illegal drug used for boosting concentration because it works as stimulant that will help you stay awake. Since it affects the concentration of norepinephrine and dopamine in your brain, it will provide you ability to stay …

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Know the 5 Aspects of Early Childhood Development

In general, the meaning of early childhood is a child aged 0-8 years. Little Person who is in this age range is in the stage of growth and development, both physically and mentally. The rate of growth and development of each child is different, yes Mam, depending on the environment, stimulation, and personality respectively. However, aspects of early child development generally include physical, cognitive, language, emotional, and social development.

Early childhood is often referred to as the term golden age or golden period. Mam must have heard this term often, have not you? Well, in the golden period, almost all the potential of the Small has a sensitive period to grow and develop rapidly and great, you know. By recognizing 5 aspects of early childhood development more deeply, Mam and Pap are expected to provide guidance in accordance with the stage of development of the Small. Therefore, yeah Mam, we recognize the five important aspects of the development of early childhood following.

  1. Aspect of Physical Development of Early Childhood

Aspects of early childhood development that focus on physical development include weight gain, height, brain development, and fine motor skills and fine motor. Gross motor development is characterized by active child moving, jumping, and running, especially at the age of 4-5 years. The more children age, the stronger the body. When physical development goes well, then he is even more good at aligning body movements with interests or needs. Meanwhile, the fine motor is the ability associated with physical skills involving small muscles and eye-hand coordination. Examples of fine motor skills are holding crayons, preparing puzzles, arranging blocks, and others.

  1. Aspects of Early Childhood Cognitive Development

The widely used theories of cognitive development (cognitive theory) today are those of Jean Piaget, a professor of psychology at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. He stated that children have different ways of thinking with adults. As part of the developmental aspects of early childhood, the child’s cognitive development is divided into four stages:

○ Sensorimotor stage (0-24 months)

At this time, the baby’s ability is limited to reflexes and senses. Babies can not consider the needs, wants, or interests of others. Therefore, babies are considered “egocentric”.

○ Preoperational stage (2-7 years)

At this time, children begin to receive stimuli but are very limited. He is also still “egocentric” because he can only consider things from his own point of view. The ability of language and vocabulary of children has also been developed, although still far from logical.

○ Concrete operational phase (7-11 years)

At this time, the ability to remember and think logically in children has increased. Children also understand the concept of cause and effect in a rational and systematic. Ability to learn the concept increases, so that children begin to learn math and reading.

○ Formal operational phase (from 11 years of age)

At this time, the child is able to think in the abstract and master the reasoning. This ability will help the child through the transition from adolescence to adult …

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Emergency Room Carts- Medical Supply Storage Tools For Urgent Situations

Emergency crash carts are useful devices in hospitals and other medical facilities that function to create a storage space and means of transporting emergency hospital equipment in order to treat critical patients quickly. Today’s medical environments are extremely fast-paced and medical personnel must be constantly multi-tasking if they wish to get their jobs done effectively. It is vital that medical personnel in the Emergency rooms, have easy access to these emergency response carts in order to attend to patients in a timely fashion. The necessary medical tools must be easily accessible and readily available to prevent lost time and ensure that everything can be done for the patient quickly to help him or her survive and recover. For asuransi jiwa severely injured patients, the chances of their life being saved are greatly increased when the proper emergency equipment arrives quickly. Through the use of emergency carts, emergency medical supplies can be organized efficiently and transported quickly and easily in any hospital emergency situation.

Emergency room carts are among the most helpful tools that work to directly assist in the saving of patients’ lives in hospitals. Thanks to the vast array of medical emergency products that can be stored in emergency medicine carts, they prove useful in a variety of medical emergency situations. From the hospital emergency room, to ambulances and patient’s rooms, hospital emergency carts are important devices to have to observe the proper precautions should an emergency happen to arise. Due to the fact that hospital crash carts are able to store lots of equipment in one uniform, easily accessible location, medical personnel can easily locate the items they require and quickly transport them to a specific location. In this way, emergency response carts are able to frequently assist medical staff with the saving of patients’ lives.

To accommodate for specific hospital needs, a number of specifications on hospital emergency crash carts exist. The majority of hospital crash carts have a heavy-duty stainless steel design with smooth-welded seams, which help to provide longevity and durability. Their double-wall construction allows emergency room carts to carry large amounts of weight and make for a more resilient surface. Emergency medicine carts move quickly and easily from room to room within a facility on smooth-rolling casters. When an emergency response cart must remain stationary, its wheels can be locked to secure the cart firmly in place.

In order to promote the mobility and maneuverability of hospital emergency carts, hospital crash carts usually include easy-grip handles to ensure that the medical supplies arrive safely, even in rushed, emergency situations. In addition, the brightly colored appearance that many emergency room carts have, offers increased cart visibility to make it even easier to locate supplies with speed. To assist with the quick and easy removal of medical products from emergency response carts, most carts have smooth-gliding drawers as well as easy-grip pull handles. Hospital crash carts are equipped with stabilizing bases that help prevent the cart from tipping over if it is moved too quickly. Attaching …

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Learn From a Registered Nurse How to Advocate For Your Self in the Health Care Setting

Are you interested in advocating for yourself in the health care setting? Then you will want to read this article. In this article, we will discuss the fact that only YOU can advocate for your health. Before your next Medical Visit start by having a list of all the medications you take, name, dosage amount and how many times a day you take it. Write down any side effects such as diabetes or decreed energy or if your appetite has changed. It also helps to note when the side effect occurs, for instance right after you take the medication or later on. Also write down any allergies you have to either food or medicine. Keep a copy of this information on your computer and a hard copy in your wallet or purse. You can even down load it to a "thumb or flash drive", then the doctors office can open it up and print a copy for your medical chart so it will be readily available for the clinician. Lastly, write down any questions you may have for the clinician regarding either medication, treatment or maybe the lab results previously completed. Perhaps you have questions about an upcoming test that you are going to be scheduled for.

Years ago it was very common not to your question health care provider. After all, he was the Doctor right? Not any more, with the advances in health care and access to knowledge and education, it has really become our responsibility to advocate for our health care. If you put this information to use you should feel confident you are receiving the health care you need.

Only you can advocate for your health, as a Registered Nurse I listen to what my patient is telling me. If he or she is saying something is wrong I listened to them, ask questions and help solve the problem. A wise clinician always listen to their patients, I learned this early in my career. Advocating for yourself in health care is essential because you know yourself the best. Even though the clinician has the education to put the information you are providing together, they still need the what only you as the historian can provide. You are the main piece of the puzzle.

It is also important to know what to do if you or a loved one is hospitalized. If you feel that either something is wrong and needs to be corrected or your loved ones health is deteriorating and it looks like no one is listening to you. Then you need to use what is referred to as the "Chain of Command." First you would start with the staff RN or LVN that is providing care for your loved one. If they do not resolve the issue, or you feel like you are not being heard or they are too busy, then go to the next person in line. That would be the charge nurse on the floor and so on until someone listens …

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Acupuncture Massage

Part 3.

Acupuncture Massage.

It is the Great combination of two words.

Acupuncture is an ancient study. It is a technique that has been done for thousands of years as part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Acupuncture uses a method of inserting needles into specific points (acupuncture points) in the body. Acupuncture points are located throughout the body.

There are yin and yang points throughout the body including the hands and the feet.

Massage is the practice of applying structured pressure, tension, motion or vibration — manually or with mechanical or electrical aids — to the soft tissues of the body, including muscles, connective tissue, tendons, ligaments, joints and lymphatic vessels, to achieve a beneficial response.

A form of therapy, massage can be applied to parts of the body or successively to the whole body, to heal injury, relieve psychological stress, manage pain, and improve blood circulation. Where massage is used for its physical and psychological benefits, it may be termed “therapeutic massage therapy” or manipulative therapy.

To summarize, Acupuncture Massage is the practice of applying structured pressure, tension, motion or vibration — manually or with mechanical or electrical aids to specific points on the body.

The Advantages of Acupuncture Massage in short are:

You are not using needles. You are applying massage to precise points to achieve the most benefits in the shortest period of time.

The balance of Chi, or Qi in some books (is a term used to describe vital energy in the body) is the very foundation of being alive and functioning in Traditional Chinese Medicine technologies.

If there are deficiencies of Chi, there can be pain and illness.

Pain is supposed to mean that there is a blockage or a poor flow of Chi.

If there is a problem with the systems or a disease is present, acupuncture tries to address this by attempting to modify the activity of one or several of the systems of function.

Each acupuncture point, one way or another, are connected to each organ in the body.

Addressing massage to specific acupuncture points, releases blocked Chi and helps your body’s immune system to finish the job. Some acupuncture points are very easy to identify. They are points of pain (back pain, neck pain etc).

Even though there are more than 1000 acupuncture points on the body, you don’t need to know more than 10-20 acupuncture points to help you or members of your family with some “everyday” problems without a deep knowledge of acupuncture science.

Just keep in mind You always have to consult your doctor before do anything yourself.

Relaxation is necessary for maximum therapeutic benefits to be achieved.

The procedure treats the body as a whole. It works to improve the function of several systems of function that are associated with several physical organs in the body.

This is why acupuncture massage is so good for you.

You are archiving relaxation by massage and unblocking Chi by massaging acupuncture points. They help to restore the body through a …

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Is There Fiber in Home Made Fruit and Vegetable Juice?

Many people believe that home made fruit and vegetable juice contains no fiber because most of the pulp is ejected by the juicer during the juicing process. This is not true. Fruit and vegetable juice is loaded with soluble fiber and can also contains smaller amounts of the insoluble type, depending on the fruit or vegetable that is juiced.

Dietary fiber is an important part of overall health. The National Academies’ Institute of Medicine recommends consumption of about 25 to 35 grams of it per day. However, the typical American only consumes around 12 to 15 grams per day. Making fresh home made juice with a juicer is an easy way to obtain healthy vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and close the fiber deficiency gap that most Americans have.

Fiber is found in all plant based foods and is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive process. There are two kinds: insoluble and soluble. Soluble, found in beans, oats, and some fruits and vegetables, can be dissolved in water. Soluble aids the digestive process and promotes overall health by lowering cholesterol and limiting sugar absorption. Insoluble, which is in wheat bran and some fruits and vegetables, cannot be dissolved in water. Insoluble acts as a natural laxative.

Some plants contain significant amounts of both soluble and insoluble. Plums are a great example of a very healthy fruit to juice. The plum’s skin contains the insoluble kind, while its interior juicy flesh and meat has soluble components.

Soluble is found in all plant foods, including:
– Fruits including plums, berries, bananas, apples and pears
– Peas, soybeans, and other beans
– Vegetables like broccoli and carrots

Make fresh home made fruit juice and vegetable juice and improve your fiber intake.…

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Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine – Know the Differences

It isn’t unusual to use the terms sports medicine and physical therapy interchangeably. However the two aren’t exactly the same things even though you may find yourself the patient of both fields at the same time.

While compatible, the difference between the two branches of medical discipline is clear. Both are effective for treating injuries, diseases and disorders of the muscle and skeletal systems of the body and both are useful for the prevention of future injury or disease symptom reoccurence. By taking an individual look at both types of medical assistance, you will soon see the differences between physical therapy and sports medicine.

Let’s take a look at the field of physical therapy first. Unlike sports medicine, physical therapy as a whole is devoted to correcting any injury, disease, or disorder of the bones and muscles that can be treated with non invasive techniques. The focus is to provide patients with relief from pain, improve their muscle, joint, and bone function, while providing techniques the patient can use on their own for additional healing. The primary tools of a therapist are good diagnosing and evaluating skills, knowledge of the musculoskeletal system, and knowledge of which therapy is effective for each situation.

One large difference between the two is that physical therapy doesn’t only deal with sports related injuries or problems. Physical therapists can choose to specialize in their careers with emphasis on things like pediatrics, geriatrics, and neurology. Other areas of expertise included in physical therapy are sports, cardiovascular sciences, and occupational therapy.

When you are looking at the differences between these two healing arts you certainly can’t overlook sports medicine. The type of medical discipline is solely used for sports related injuries and disorders. While sports physical therapy techniques are commonly used in addition to sports medicine, sports medicine may involve surgeries, procedures, and medications not used in physical therapy. Sports medicine practitioners also can have specialty fields as well. Orthopedics and skeletal emphasis are common. Advanced study of how long term sporting activities and treating sports related injuries are always a part of this particular discipline.

Understanding the difference between physical therapy and sports medicine may be key to determining how to best treat your physical problem. While they can and are commonly used together, each one has its own distinct benefit. Your medical care team can further help distinguish the two and point you in the right direction in terms of your health care needs. The important thing is take care of any injury, sports related or not, to ensure your body’s function in the years to come.

The difference between these two medical approaches is obvious. Although the two are often used together, each one has its own purpose and uses. Your doctor can give you advice on which specialist is right for your needs.…

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Positron Emission Tomography (PET) – Nuclear Medicine Imaging Technology

Positron emission tomography (PET) is another approach to nuclear medicine imaging that has several advantages over SPECT. PET uses positron-emitting radionuclides that result in the emission of collinear pairs of 511-keV annihilation photons. The coincidence detection of the annihilation photons obviates the need for collimation and makes PET far more efficient than SPECT for detecting radioactivity. Even more importantly, there are positron-emitting radionuclides for oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, and fluorine, which allows a wide range of molecules to be labeled as diagnostic agents. Many of these radionuclides have short half-lives and require an on-site cyclotron. However, 18F has a long long half-life that it can be (and is) regionally provided, and there is no populated area of ​​the United States where it is unavailable. Several others such as 82Rb and 68Ga are available from radionuclide generators that provide the radionuclides on demand despite their short half-lives.

Coincidence detection provides spatial resolution without the need for lead collimation by taking advantage of the fact that the annihilation photons resulting from positron emission are approximately colinear. Events are only counted if they are simultaneously detected by two opposed detectors. The sensitive volume defined by the coincidence detectors is called a line of response (LOR). Two single detection systems are used with an additional coincidence module. Each individual system will generate a logic pulse when they detect an event that falls in the selected energy window. If the two logic pulses overlap in time at the coincidence module, a coincidence event is recorded. PET systems use a large number (> 10,000) of detectors arranged as multiple rings to form a cylinder. Since any one detector can be in coincidence with other detectors in the cylinder, the resulting LORs provide sufficient sampling to collect the projection information required for tomography.

The intrinsic detection efficiency for a singles detector depends on the atomic number, density, and thickness of the detector. Ideally, the intrinsic detection efficiency should be 1, but at 511 keV that is difficult to achieve, although intrinsic efficiency for some of the detectors is greater than 0.8. Coincidence detection requires that both detectors register an event. Since the interactions at the two detectors are independent, the consistency intrinsic efficiency depends on the product of the intrinsic efficiency at each detector. As a result, collision detection efficiency is always less than that for a single detector, and that difference gets magnified for low-efficiency detectors. Because of the need for high intrinsic efficiency, scintillators are naturally the only materials currently used as detectors in PET imaging systems.

A coincidence event is recorded when there is an overlap of the singles logic outputs at the coincidence modules. The time width of the overlap depends on the scintillation characteristics of the detectors. For current PET scanners, that width ranges from 6 to 12 ns. Although that is a very short time compared to most human activities, it is fairly long compared to distances covered by photons traveling at the speed of light. Light travels approximately 30 cm / …

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Naturopathic Approach To Treatment Of Kidney Diseases

Naturopathic medicine practitioners believe there is life after being diagnosed with one or more kidney diseases. If your condition is discovered early enough, you could have healed with alternative treatments for kidney disease. Holistic doctors also asserted that patients could use these alternative cures and skip expensive dialysis sessions. This is regardless of whether their condition is chronic or acute. For those who can not maintain their kidney function, without dialysis machines, herbal practitioners can optimize their health as well. Using their natural therapies, they can boost the sick person's immune system and stop permanent damage to other body vital organs.

For those who have had a transplant previously, naturopathic doctors can help prevent development of cancers in their organ with alternative treatments for kidney disease. Transplant patients also go through immunosuppressive therapy which has side effects. Herbal remedies can be used to curb the severity of those side effects. After being treated holistically, for seven days, several patients give the following report to their doctors.

  • Slightly improved or stabilized kidney function
  • Increased levels of energy even after dialysis (where applicable)
  • Reduced insomnia and peaceful sleep
  • Lowered blood pressure even without use of prescribed medicine
  • Better cardiovascular activity and health
  • Increased bone density and sexual energy and
  • Ability to handle side effects of prescribed medicine for those who must continue taking them. For instance, those who have kidney failure plus diabetes or high blood pressure must use alternative treatments for kidney disease and prescribed drugs.
  • Ability to obtain all advantages of a kidney transplant.

Although alternative treatments for kidney diseases work, you, the victim, must be able to locate a qualified holistic therapist. There are many doctors all over the country but you should choose the best. A good naturopathic doctor must aim to improve your condition rather than do harm with their herbal cures. So they should have a proven track record of giving the most effective health care, making sure they are posing the least risk to their patients. Second, they must aim at identifying and eliminating the causes of illness instead of suppressing its symptoms. Their alternative treatments for kidney disease should be effective enough to reverse the infection in question. Third, a holistic therapist must treat each person wholly. In other words, they should listen to the sick person's medical history before deciding how best to eliminate their illness.

Finally, a good herbal physicist should take the time to educate and encourage their patient. They should show kidney failure patients how to take self responsibility for their health. Alternative treatments for kidney disease have changed many peoples' lives. If you want naturopathy to work for you, be sure to seek the most appropriate doctor as discussed above. The treatment Themselves are many and they usually change the body of a sick person in many ways. First they reduce the load on the sick kidney by altering the diet type and pattern of the victim. Next, alternative treatments for kidney disease allow time for the ailing organs …

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The Best Natural Antibiotic: Benefits Of Colloidal Silver

It becomes unquestionably obvious what the best natural antibiotic is when you look at the history and recent research on the benefits of colloidal silver. The efficacy of colloidal silver becomes even more conclusive with the 1999 FDA ruling against its use after it had been employed for centuries in cultures worldwide.

If anyone still lacks awareness of big pharma’s power to influence the FDA they certainly won’t understand the last statement! Suffice to say that colloidal silver’s use as an antibiotic fell by the way side when pharmaceutical companies patented organic antibiotics.

There are more than a few issues, well-known in the field of medicine, with organic antibiotics. Not the least of which is that they destroy all the beneficial microbes in the gut necessary for proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients.

Then, there is the growing and alarming problem we are faced with in resistant strains of pathogens. The flippant prescribing of antibiotics for every and any sign of disease has bred incredibly powerful and dangerous pathogens that are immune to most of the organic antibiotics available.

The impressive germ killing properties of silver have been known for centuries as it was used by the wealthy in ancient civilizations to store liquids and make eating utensils. It was prescribed by the Ayurvedic system of medicine, which was developed in India 2,000 years ago, for infectious and inflammatory diseases.

When the pioneers who settled North America pushed the frontier west it was common to throw silver coins into the water barrels to keep the water free of germs. This was a throwback to ancient dynasties of Egypt and the Middle East where silver coins were placed in the water of monarchs and nobles.

Just as the Romans used it for preventing infection and healing wounds it is commonly and, I might say, very successfully used for the same thing today, especially burns. Silver is also used in medicine for a number of other applications that require anti-microbial properties. These include catheter, bone implants and cardiovascular devices like heart valves and stents.

The big breakthrough in the historical use of silver as an antibiotic came in 1914 when Henry Crookes discovered in his experimentation that silver in its colloidal form killed B. Tuberculosis in 4 minutes and Streptococci and other pathogens in 3 to 4 minutes.

Colloidal silver was historically produced by a process of electrolysis in distilled water. This forms ions of silver and as they multiply some of the ions coalesce into microscopic particles. Ideally you want to produce very small particles in the order of 40 to 50 nanometres. The uniformity of the particles is also important.

Ironically it was first supported by the pharmaceutical industry when it was widely promoted in the early 1900’s by Albert Searle who founded the pharmaceutical company, which later became Merck. With the discovery of penicillin and its use in medicine beginning in the 1940’s the tables were turned.

It would have been very difficult for pharmaceutical companies to get a …

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