If you have a lake in your backyard or near your place of business, it is probably a place that local wildlife frequents and local humans visit to enjoy the view or recreation opportunities. While a lake can be a great place to hang out, it can also get dirty and unsanitary really quickly. There are, however, a few easy steps you can take to ensure a healthy lake for all.
Buy a lake aeration system! You can get a waterfall feature, a fountain or just a basic water pump to help avoid stagnation in the lake and improve the overall look and water quality. An aeration system will ensure that the water’s oxygen content stays high and can improve the health of the overall ecosystem. Plants and wildlife will thrive in an oxygen rich environment.
Make sure you use native plants and trees when possible. Some plants cannot survive in a high-moisture environment, so putting them near a lake does not last. Plant shrubs that are native to the part of the world you live in because they are more likely to thrive. It is also important to have trees and other plant life around the perimeter of the lake to create a buffer zone in case of flooding.
Do not use fertilizer! Fertilizers often have large amounts of nitrogen or phosphorus in them. While nitrogen and phosphorus can help plants grow, too much of either can prevent the water from maintaining a healthy level of oxygen. It can also lead to huge algal blooms that take over the top of the water, preventing sunlight from getting through and effectively killing other plants and animals present in the lake.
Ensuring a healthy lake environment is about maintaining good water quality. If you keep harmful chemicals away and native plants in, you are already on the road to success.