Dystonia is an umbrella term for movement disorders that involve muscle contractions and involuntary twisting, both of which occur on a repetitive and sustained basis. As a result, people with dystonia often have unusual or awkward movements or body positions. While dystonia often begins in one specific part of the body, like the neck, face or leg, it can often spread to other parts of the body from that area.
Understanding Dystonia Symptoms
Dystonia symptoms can come on at any time, although they most frequently occur when an affected person moves his or her body. However, dystonia can even start when the area affected is resting or still. The muscles of people with dystonia can contract permanently, and people can be stuck into a fixed position from which they are unable to extricate themselves. Dystonia can also worsen during periods of stress and fatigue, and it can sometimes be improved with rest and sufficient sleep.
Dystonia Has Multiple Causes
There are two major types of dystonia, primary and secondary dystonia. Primary dystonia exists when the dystonia itself is the only medical problem that the patient has; there is no evidence of another disease causing the issue. Primary dystonia often has a genetic cause as a result of a mutation; this is most common with a family history, but can occur on its own as well. In people with genetic dystonia, the symptoms usually come on during childhood or adolescence and eventually progress to involve several regions of the body. Secondary dystonia, on the other hand, is accompanied by other symptons and diseases, many of which also have a genetic link and can occur in childhood or adulthood.
Dystonia treatment in West Palm Beach can help people with the disorder find relief. While there is no permanent cure at this time, treatments can address underlying conditions and the dystonia itself to help patients deal with the unpleasant symptoms. Treatment options can include Botox injections, oral medications and even surgery.
Dystonia can have a serious impact on your daily life. If you have dystonia, treatment can help you to maintain your mobility and flexibility, even as any underlying disorder is also being treated.